Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the regular dining table make sense; you will find a little selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no regards to their element’s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so here’s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial source will be the work ‘natrun’ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, plus it’s this title that its symbol that is chemical, originates from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes remaining whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, an amount of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, therefore the title lends the element its chemical icon, K.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin name, ‘ferrum’, provides it its expression Fe; it simply means ‘iron‘sword’ or’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. There’s an inventory of 213 of those right right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copper’s title is much more subdued than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which it self arises from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The title had been sooner or later simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is believed to derive initially from a language that is indo-european most most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be called after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, could be based on the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at the lowest heat. There’s also speculation maybe it’s produced from the Cornish ‘stean’ because of Cornwall’s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply based on the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being a historical eye cosmetic. This term is with in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.

Tungsten – Wolfram (W)

Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This really is from the‘wolf that is german, or ‘wolf’s foam’, discussing the quantity of tin ‘eaten’ because of the steel during its extraction. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty stone – significantly apt, because it’s the 7th element that is densest within the regular dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin title was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to provide ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element was ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest asiandate to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but Mercury’s is the only person that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation for the English words that is‘plumbing ‘plumber’, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.

References & Further Reading

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