Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the regular dining table make sense; you will find a little selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no regards to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial source will be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, originates from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes remaining whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, an amount of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, therefore the title lends the element its chemical icon, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin name, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its expression Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂswordвЂ™ orвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of those right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The title had been sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from a language that is indo-european most most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be called after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be based on the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at the lowest heat. ThereвЂ™s also speculation maybe it’s produced from the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply based on the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being a historical eye cosmetic. This term is with in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. This really is from theвЂwolf that is german, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, discussing the quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its extraction. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty stone вЂ“ significantly apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th element that is densest within the regular dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element was вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest asiandate to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation for the English words that isвЂplumbing вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading